Arkansas Telehealth Laws & Reimbursement Policies

Arkansas TeleHealth Laws

Medicaid Telehealth Reimbursement

Summary

Arkansas Medicaid reimburses for live video when the telehealth service is comparable to an in-person service. Store-and-forward and remote patient monitoring is included in Medicaid’s definition of telehealth, but there was no specific information found regarding reimbursement of the modalities.

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Definitions

Telemedicine is defined as the use of electronic information and communication technology to deliver healthcare services including without limitation, the assessment, diagnosis, consultation, treatment, education, care management, and self-management of a patient. Telemedicine includes store-and-forward technology and remote patient monitoring.

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Live Video

Policy
Arkansas Medicaid provides payment to a licensed or certified healthcare professional or a licensed or certified entity for services provided through telemedicine if the service provided through telemedicine is comparable to the same service provided in-person.

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Eligible Services/Specialties
Arkansas Medicaid must provide coverage and reimbursement for healthcare services provided through telemedicine on the same basis as they provide coverage and reimbursement for health services provided in-person.

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Eligible Providers
The professional or entity at the distant site must be an enrolled Arkansas Medicaid Provider.

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Eligible Sites
Geographic Limits
Facility/Transmission Fee
Payment will include a reasonable facility fee to the originating site operated by a licensed or certified healthcare professional or licensed or certified healthcare entity if the professional or entity is authorized to bill Arkansas Medicaid directly for healthcare services. There is no facility fee for the distant site.

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Store-and-Forward

Policy
Although store-and-forward is included in Medicaid’s definition of telemedicine, no information was found regarding reimbursement of store-and-forward.

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Eligible Services/Specialties
Geographic Limits
Transmission Fee

Remote Patient Monitoring

Policy
Although remote patient monitoring is included in Medicaid’s definition of telemedicine, no information was found regarding reimbursement of remote patient monitoring.

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Conditions
Provider Limitations
Other Restrictions

Email/Phone/Fax

Once a professional relationship is established, the healthcare provider may provide healthcare services through telemedicine, including interactive audio, if the healthcare services are within the scope of practice for which the healthcare provider is licensed or certified and in accordance with the safeguards established by the healthcare professionals licensing board. The use of interactive audio is not reimbursable under Arkansas Medicaid.

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Consent

A provider must obtain informed consent, as required by applicable state and federal laws, rules and regulations.

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Out of State Providers

A healthcare provider treating patients in Arkansas through telemedicine shall be fully licensed or certified to practice in Arkansas and is subject to the rules of the appropriate state licensing or certification board. This requirement does not apply to the acts of a healthcare provider located in another jurisdiction who provides only episodic consultation services.

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Miscellaneous

The distant site provider is prohibited from utilizing telemedicine with a patient unless a professional relationship exists between the provider and patient. See manual for ways to establish the relationship.

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Private Payer Laws

Definitions

Telemedicine means the use of electronic information and communication technology to deliver healthcare services, including without limitation the assessment, diagnosis, consultation, treatment, education, care management and self-management of a patient. Telemedicine includes store-and-forward and remote patient monitoring. Telemedicine does not include the use of audio-only communication including without limitation interactive audio; a facsimile machine; text messaging; or electronic mail systems.

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Requirements

A health plan shall cover the telehealth-delivered healthcare services on the same basis it would if the services were delivered in-person. A health benefit plan is not required to reimburse for a healthcare service provided through telemedicine that is not comparable to the same service provided in-person. A health benefit plan may voluntarily reimburse for healthcare services provided through means of telephone, facsimile, text message or electronic mail.

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Parity

Health plans must reimburse “on the same basis” if the service were delivered in-person. A health benefit plan is not required to reimburse for a healthcare service provided through telemedicine that is not comparable to the same service provided in-person.

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Professional Regulation/Health & Safety

Definitions

“Telemedicine means the use of electronic information and communication technology to deliver healthcare services, including without limitation the assessment, diagnosis, consultation, treatment, education, care management and self-management of a patient. Telemedicine includes store-and-forward technology and remote patient monitoring.

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Consent

The healthcare professional shall follow applicable state and federal laws, rules and regulations for informed consent.

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Online Prescribing

A distant site provider will not utilize telemedicine to treat a patient located in Arkansas unless a professional relationship exists between the healthcare provider and the patient or as otherwise meets the definition of a professional relationship as defined in Section 17-80-402.

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Cross State Licensing

An out-of-state physician utilizing an electronic medium who performs an act that is part of a patient care service that was initiated in Arkansas, including interpretation of an X-ray, that would affect the diagnosis or treatment, is engaged in the practice of medicine and subject to regulation by the Arkansas State Medical Board.

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Miscellaneous

Click for a list of professional telehealth-specific regulations.

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Source: Center for Connected Health Policy
https://www.cchpca.org

 

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